Marketing recycling

Notice any similarities between these two adverts?

The top one is a 2008 brand campaign for O2, the one below it is the new Lotto advert for National Lottery.

O2 'Better Connected' 2008

O2 ‘Better Connected’ 2008

National Lottery 2013

National Lottery 2013

Now who is in charge of marketing at National Lottery operator Camelot?

That would be Sally Cowdry, O2’s ex-Marketing Director!

She likes to recycle 🙂

What Innovation?

Apple reinvents the phone

I was having a discussion with an old friend who declared that there has been no innovation in mobile devices for years now. I immediately took exception to this claim and set my mind to disproving his assertion.

There is no disputing that Apple “reinvented the phone” in 2007 when they launched the original iPhone to an expectant world. I’ll never forget the looks of joy and amazement when I first demonstrated the iPhone’s touch screen interface and clever pinch and zoom gestures.

Let’s not forget how tired and utilitarian other ‘smart’ phones of the time were!

2007 Smartphones

Apple’s early dominance in the smartphone market has been successfully challenged by Google’s Android operating system and the countless slab clones churned out by Far Eastern manufacturers, but do any of them truly innovate?

What have we seen in mobile phone design in the last six years which could be considered innovative? We’ve had different form factors, sizes, colours and storage capacities, but the fundamental iPhone design concept has hardly changed.

Certainly display technology has improved, with more vibrant colours and pixel densities higher than the human eye can distinguish, but that’s evolution not innovation.

Processor power has increased, the latest smartphones boasting quad-core CPUs with dazzling performance, but this is standard Moore’s Law territory.

Camera technology has gradually improved, with manufacturers attempting to out-gun each other in the megapixel arms race. Fundamentally though it’s still a digital camera on a phone.

Mobile apps are the emperor’s new clothes, but this is just a trendy new name for what we used to call ‘computer programs’ or software.

A few new features have appeared like voice recognition, Near Field Communication (NFC) and wireless inductive charging, but these technologies have been around for years and are just being retro-fitted to mobile devices.

The sad truth though is that there hasn’t been any innovation since the original iPhone. Yes there have been gimmicks and incremental improvements, but the iPhone’s simple touch screen design and user interface has remained largely unchanged and unbettered.

Unless Apple regains the ability to surprise and delight with the unveiling of their 7th generation iPhone later on today, I’ll have to concede that my friend is right.

Please don’t leave us in 2007.

Macworld 2007 Teaser

Google Android power saving tips

battery

It’s a common complaint (or misconception?) that Android devices are power hungry, and some people claim not to manage a full working day from their smartphone.

By my reckoning default system settings and apps are often configured to showcase capabilities, rather than optimise usage and resources for individual needs. With a few minor tweaks you can reduce overall power consumption and in some cases gain hours extra battery life.

First of all I hope it goes without saying that you should switch off connectivity features that you’re not actively using. You wouldn’t leave a light on at home all day, and in the same way being conscientious about managing Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connections can make a big difference to the power consumption of your device.

I don’t generally use Wi-Fi when I’m away from home, so I use an event driven task manager (Locale) to automatically switch Wi-Fi off for me when I leave my home geo-fence.

For when you do use Wi-Fi, check that you’re using these settings:

Settings > Wi-Fi > Advanced > Network notification > OFF

Settings > Wi-Fi > Advanced > Wi-Fi optimisation > ON

Most people rarely (if ever) use the NFC or Android Beam feature, so don’t leave it switched on permanently:

Settings > Wireless & Networks > More > NFC > OFF

If like me you travel on public transport then your device will frequently leave cellular network coverage. When this happens it will scan frequency ranges for available operators and consume significant battery resources in doing so. Below are some tricks that help to minimise this.

Unless I travel abroad I spend all my time on my home cellular network, so I manually select my mobile operator to prevent unnecessary registration attempts:

Settings > More > Mobile networks > Network operators > Search networks > manually select your mobile network operator

I also lock my device to use WCDMA (3G) only so it doesn’t try scanning the GSM (2G) bands. This is a bit extreme, but if you want to do this use the Android Field Test menu:

Go into the Phone app and tap in this code: *#*#4636#*#*

You will be presented with a ‘Testing’ screen. Tap on ‘Phone information’, scroll down to ‘Set preferred network type:’ and select WCDMA only.

This network settings change will remain until you next power-cycle your device.

Sound and display settings can also make an appreciable difference if you spend a lot of time tapping away on your device. Since haptic feedback uses a tiny vibration motor, switching it off altogether can save precious battery power. Using a static image for your background instead of a fancy ‘live’ wallpaper also saves CPU cycles.

Settings > Sound > System > Dial-pad touch tones > OFF

Settings > Sound > System > Touch sounds > OFF

Settings > Sound > System > Screen lock sounds > OFF

Settings > Sound > System > Vibrate on touch > OFF

Settings > Display > Brightness > Automatic

Settings > Display > Wallpaper > choose a static wallpaper

GPS and location lookups are a big cause of battery drain. If you only want to know your location when you actually need it, switch off Google’s location tracking and the location feature of any other apps you have installed:

Apps > Google Settings > Location > Location History > OFF

Apps > Twitter > Settings > Location > OFF

Popular apps like Play Store and Twitter usually default to synchronising data in the background. If you’re only interested in checking for updates when you open an app, switch off notifications and background usage:

Apps > Play Store > Settings > Notifications > OFF

Apps > Play Store > Settings > Auto-update apps > OFF

Settings > Accounts > Google > disable any data synchronisation that you don’t use

Apps > Twitter > Settings > (account) > Sync data > OFF

Apps > Twitter > Settings > (account) > Notifications > OFF

Finally review your widgets and remove those that you don’t need. Often replacing a widget with a shortcut to the app is just as effective and much more power efficient.

By using all these optimised settings I easily manage 24 hours from my device, with no compromise in functionality of performance.

Google Play Music: Saving to SD card

Having switched from Amazon MP3 to Google Play Music, the most annoying omission in Google’s offering is the inability to save music tracks to SD card instead of internal storage.

Since version 5.1 of Play Music the capability is actually there, although the feature has not yet been exposed via the user interface. Here’s a neat trick you can use to switch it on manually.

First you’ll need to make sure you have the latest version of Google Play Music, then download and install the free Apex Launcher app from Google Play.

After Apex Launcher has been installed, fire it up and you’ll see a new and hopefully fairly empty home screen (don’t worry, your existing home screen has not been lost!). Tap and hold on the home screen, select Shortcuts and then Activities.

Scroll down until you come to Google Play Music, then tap on it to expand to a list of activities. Scroll down until you come to .ui.SDCardSelectorActivity, tap on it and you should find a new Google Play icon appear on the Apex home screen.

Tap on this new Google Play icon and you’ll be presented with a ‘Download Storage Location’ dialogue box. Simply tap on ‘SD card’ and you’re done!

You can now uninstall Apex Launcher if you wish.

Although the switch has been made, it only applies to music that you ‘Keep on device’ from now on, so you’ll need to unpin and pin all your previously downloaded albums again to move them to SD card.

I’m guessing Google will expose this new capability in a future update, but for the time being this is a very welcome workaround.

In case you’re interested, the saved files are stored on your SD card in the Android/data/com.google.android.music/files/music folder.

Smart bins are watching you

timthumb

It’s intriguing how news stories can bubble under the surface for a while and then explode into the public eye, with significant consequences for everyone involved.

Today’s example is the case of the Renew London waste recycling bins, which have been appearing on City of London streets since January 2012. As well as being a regular waste bin they are equipped with a large screen on each side for displaying digital advertising.

Up until recently that’s all we thought they did, until an article in Quartz magazine brought a darker side to the public attention.

Up to a dozen of these smart bins have been secretly scanning for passing mobile devices and storing this data to compile a database of the movement of individuals around the City of London. All of this was done without consent, although the trial details have been published on the Renew London web site.

How do they do this you might be wondering? Every device capable of using Wi-Fi has a permanent hardware (MAC) address which uniquely identifies the device and often even the make and model. If your mobile device has Wi-Fi enabled then your unique MAC address is broadcast periodically when your device scans for access points.

The Renew London smart bins can listen out for these signals and record the MAC addresses that it ‘sees’. According to the published trial data they captured nearly a million devices on just one day in June!

They would probably still been doing this if it wasn’t for the sensationalist claims from the Renew London CEO Kaveh Memari, who went a little too far in explaining just what his technology is capable of.

Memari said he was working on a proposal for a bar that would install five tracking devices: one by the entrance, one on the roof, one near the cash register, and one in each of the bathrooms. That would allow the bar to know each person’s gender (from the bathroom trackers), how long they stay (“dwell time” is the official metric), and what they were there for (a drink outside or a meal inside). And targeted advertising for the pub could follow those people around London on Renew’s omniscient recycling bins.

It would seem that the City of London Corporation was not aware of exactly what Renew London had been up to and the adverse publicity has caused them to swiftly deal with the situation.

THE collection of data from phones and devices carried by people passing sophisticated waste bins in Square Mile streets should stop immediately, says the elected City of London Corporation, which provides local authority services to the global business district around St Paul’s.

A spokesman said (Monday): ‘We have already asked the firm concerned to stop this data collection immediately and we have also taken the issue to the Information Commissioner’s Office. Irrespective of what’s technically possible, anything that happens like this on the streets needs to be done carefully, with the backing of an informed public.’

The bombproof waste and recycling bins, which also carry TV screens with public information, were installed as a way of re-introducing waste bins to City streets.

‘This latest development was precipitate and clearly needs much more thought – in the meantime data collection – even if it is anonymised – needs to stop,’ added the spokesman.

An official statement from Mr Memari has also confirmed a cessation of the ‘trial’:

During our initial trials, which we are no longer conducting, a limited number of pods had been testing and collecting annonymised and aggregated MAC addresses from the street and sending one report every three minutes concerning total footfall data from the sites.  A lot of what had been extrapolated is capabilities that could be developed and none of which are workable right now.  For now, we no longer continue to count devices and are able to distinguish uniques versus repeats. However, the process is very much like a website, you can tell how many hits you have had and how many repeat visitors, but we cannot tell who, or anything personal about any of the visitors on the website.  So we couldn’t tell, for example, whether we had seen devices or not as we never gathered any personal details.

Future developments will, however, not just depend on technology, but also, most importantly, on people being comfortable with interactive technology – much as has happened over the course of the weekend on the internet.

This is a somewhat less ebullient statement than one of Memari’s previous quotes:

“The chances are, if we don’t see you on the first, second, or third day, we’ll eventually capture you,” he said. “We just need you to have it on once.”

What can you do to protect yourself from this gross invasion of privacy? Disable Wi-Fi (and Bluetooth) if you aren’t actively using it when you’re out and about. Doing this will help save your battery too. You can also register your MAC address and opt-out of data collection via the Presence Orb web site.

It’s interesting to note that since this story broke the Renew London bin screens have been conspicuously devoid of any advertising. Evidently advertisers don’t want to be associated with this trial either.

Renew London waste bin


Dumb binUpdate: 12-Feb-2015

London’s ‘smart’ bins have been unceremoniously decommissioned, as you’ll see in this photo.

The RenewLondon.com domain name was sold in June 2014 and it now resolves to an accounting blog.

The former Renew London business seems to have disappeared without a trace, disproving the theory that where there’s muck there’s brass!

Corrupted SMS on Android

For a couple of weeks I have been receiving strangely composed SMS from a friend. It was as if two totally separate conversations were being mixed together into one long message.

At first I thought my friend might have been inebriated when he sent them (not unusual for him!) but as the messages continued to come through in this strange fashion I wondered if perhaps he was suffering from a split-personality.

Eventually I called him up and we compared messages. It turned out that the messages I was receiving on my Android device bore little resemblance to the messages he was sending. At first I thought this could be due to a corrupt SMS database on his iPhone, but after some searching I came across an Android bug report which perfectly described the issue I was experiencing:

» Issue 17769: Multipart SMS getting mixed up with old messages

The first post on this thread is dated June 2011, so the problem has been around for quite a while! I was pleased that I wasn’t alone in experiencing the issue, but what was the cause and how could I fix it?

Another Android bug report – Issue 28697 – had the answers:

Under certain circumstances, SMSDispatcher can incorrectly construct multi-part SMS messages, resulting in a corrupted message being dispatched to the applications. The corrupted message contains parts from previously received multi-part SMS messages instead of the corresponding parts from the newly received message.

In this more recent report, the author Ian Payton has identified the problem to be partly due to the way in which multi-part SMS is implemented, and partly to how Android processes multi-part messages.

If you want all the details then head on over to Ian’s detailed explanation, but the quick version is that an Android device can sometimes end up with orphaned SMS which it doesn’t know what to do with. These are usually the result of a message being retransmitted by the network because it did not receive a delivery acknowledgement from your device. This can occur if you are in patchy cellular coverage for example.

The SMS protocol uses an internal reference number to help reassemble a concatenated message, but this reference is not unique and if you have one or more of these orphaned messages on your device then in some circumstances the message parts can get mixed up to erroneously construct a new Frankenmessage!

This has the effect of your being presented with a message which is made up of some of the new message and some of an old message which has been hanging around in limbo on your device.

That’s all very well, but how can you fix this situation?

Ian has kindly written SMS Multi-Part Cleaner, a small Android application which finds all the orphaned SMS on your device and allows you to review and delete them manually. Alternatively you can download the very similar Orphaned Texts app from Google Play.

If you are prone to patchy cellular coverage and frequently receive long SMS then you be advised to run this application every few weeks to check for orphaned messages.

Printing to a Samsung ML-1210 on Mac OS X

Although Samsung stopped providing official Mac OS drivers for the ML-1210 laser printer long ago, it is still possible to use this venerable old laser printer with the latest Mac OS X.

First download the latest Open Source Samsung-GDI for Mac OS X and GPL Ghostscript for Mac OS X packages from The Linux Foundation.

Next you’ll need the Foomatic-RIP package, but don’t download the latest version!

You need to use Foomatic-RIP version 3.0.2 (dated 30th January 2008), otherwise your print-outs will include a top margin which you can’t remove. Fortunately the older working version is still available from OpenPrinting.org.

Open each downloaded disk image in turn and run the installers. When all three packages have been installed you are ready to add the printer.

Connect your printer using an appropriate USB cable. Now go to Mac OS X System Preferences and select ‘Print & Scan’. Click on the ‘+’ button and a new ‘Add Printer’ window will open.

Assuming your printer is connected you should see ‘Samsung ML-1210’ already in the printer window. Click on that printer name and then open the drop-down list of printer drivers next to “Print Using”. Select ‘Samsung ML-1210 Foomatic/GDI’ and then the ‘Add’ button.

Your printer has been added. Legacy printer revival achievement unlocked!